Review of Released


...In Released, Margaret Macpherson creates no less than an epic story about Ruth, this made especially remarkable by the fact that Ruth only comes into her twenties within the time span of the novel. While Carroll's novel [Body Contact] is more entertaining, Macpherson's is sobering, as Ruth continually teeters between creative and destructive forces in her life. Hearkening back to the biblical namesake, Ruth is loyal, kind, and compassionate, and this may very well prove to be her undoing. A source of guilt for "Ruth the Tooth" is how she enters the world, born with teeth and causing pain to her mother during breast feeding. Her girlhood is marked by two significant factors; numerous painful dental procedures are mitigated by her saving grace, a strong connection and friendship with Jax. when the "summer of Jax" is complete, the reader wants her to reappear perhaps as inexplicably as she disappears, and Ruth will unconsciously search for her in future years. Naivete, guilt, and an ascetic bent draw Ruth to religious fanaticism in her adolescence, and to the centrepiece relationship of the novel, with her boyfriend Ian. He introduces Ruth to romance, poetry, alcohol, and eventually violence and a cycle of abuse: "I don't know real pain. Ian does, of course. That's what defines him. That's what draws me in."

Macpherson portrays a believably regression of Ruth and Ian's relationship, a downward spiral from carefree adventures to Ruth enduring torturous acts. Especially wrenching is that through all of Ian's abuse, she is absolutely unguided, unprotected, and unadvised. She receives no protection from ehr parents, friends, roommates, professors, or church. What makes this particular narrative different from other tales of young girls falling for the wrong boy, only to come to misery, atonement, and healing? In a speech to Ian, Ruth's resilience stems from her ability to forgive. She is real, honest, wrong, innocent, closed, trusting, blind, courageous, ignorant, open, young, and caring.

In all, Released is about searching for the sacred, whether through God, a romantic relationship, or a friendship.

— Andrea Wasylow Canadian Literature

More Reviews of this title


Good versus evil, coming of age, first love—all articulately presented in a gripping narrative--what more could you want in a novel? Edmonton's Margaret Macpherson has published non-fiction (Nellie McClung: Voice for the Voiceless) and short stories (Perilous Departures), and her story-telling skills are now impressively showcased in Released, her first novel published by Winnipeg's own Signature Editions.

It's the story of Ruth Callis, the youngest of five children who, remarkably enough, grow up in a happy home. Macpherson splits her narrative into two alternating accounts, one giving the trials and tribulations of Ruth's growing-up years, and the other dealing with her love affair, at age 20, with Ian Bowen, a somewhat mysterious fellow 16 years her senior.

At the most critical point of the novel, the two accounts converge.

The Callis family lives in a Northwest Territories town, where the father works for a gold-mining company. Though the mother doesn't exactly like it up North, she hasn't let it embitter her, and the kids seem to get along well with both parents.

Much is made of Ruthie's childhood dental problems and the family affectionately calls her Toothie. She seems well adjusted, and she has at least two good friends, one of whom is an aboriginal girl called Jax.

Ruthie's innocence and gullibility become clear in this latter relationship, but Jax doesn't take advantage of her. Later, though, when Jax is no longer around, Ruthie—at age 14—falls under the influence of the local evangelical church, and the young men who call themselves Elders.

"If I ever wanted to be like them," she muses, "I was going to have to start getting serious about the stuff around me." Meaning she should divest herself of her possessions.

And so she puts together a bagful of her clothes and gives it to the thrift store in town. She also starts to fast, believing she'll only be acceptable to God when she loses weight. Brainwashed as she is, Ruthie is unruffled by her schoolmates who call her "Jesus freak," and she fails to see the harm the Elders may do to her—but, eventually, she does.

Meanwhile, in the parallel narrative, the older Ruth, now at university in the Maritimes, goes to a bar one night and meets Ian.

"I'm not the type to fantasize about kissing a stranger but it happens like a brief shock, a pop-up cartoon picture of us kissing, my tongue touching that plump lower lip."

Ian has a past he doesn't speak about but, impressionable as she is, she feels as wholeheartedly attracted to him as she once was to God. It's only a matter of time until Ian will disappoint her, but Ruthie seems unable or unwilling to read the warning signs—she has to experience whatever Ian has in store for her.

One of the best sequences tells of their hitchhiking trip to Sudbury, where her parents are now living—and to Toronto.

Macpherson packs a wallop with her scenes of violence, but even after those, poor Ruthie seems to want to see some good in the person if not the deed.

The author opens and closes the novel with Ruthie's situation some years after the events of the story, a frame that seems rather unnecessary to the book's effectiveness, just as Ruthie's sojourn to Australia seems tacked on.

But, as a whole, Released is absorbing—you're pulling for Ruthie no matter what she does. This is an accomplished and ultimately satisfying first novel. 

The Winnipeg Free Press


Making Peace 
Author says book is about forgiveness 

When talking about her first novel, Released, and its protagonist, Ruth Callis, author Margaret Macpherson makes one thing clear: when she creates fiction; the characters come from her imagination. 

"The joy of fiction is using the writer's imagination.  This is my character's life. Not my life.  I created Ruth, and she tells her story," she says.  "I never felt like I was carrying around the weight of the world, telling Ruth's story." 
"I get up ad make sandwiches for lunch; then I enter her world.  I engage and disengage.  I have to."

Even though Macpherson goes beyond writing what she knows, she enjoys writing what she knows, she enjoys writing about where she's been.  Treks through Bermuda, Central America, Mexico, Europe, and Australia all left a mark on Released.  

"The book is all over the map: the East Coast, the Noth, Sudbury, Australia. And I really enjoyed writing about Yellowknife.  Finding settings was the easy part." 

The award-winning author says that love, betrayal, and redemption are fundamental to all human characters.  But Released emphasizes the element of forgiveness.  
"To come to full humanity is to forgive.  Anger doesn't get you anywhere. My book is more a lesson than a warning.  It's about the notion that one must forgive in order to find freedom," explains Macpherson.  

Provocatively original, Released offers a series of life lessons, learned the hard way by the narrator, Ruth, who revisits her past after reading a newspaper clipping about a man who saved a drowing boy.  Is this Ian, her abusive ex-boyfriend? Reflections, questions, and memories are triggered, pressuring Ruth to make peace with her past.  

Macpherson says Released questions the moral impact of religion and personal domination.  "Why do people get themselves int situations of violence? I found that the answer, at least for this character, lay in the indoctrination of selflessness.  She is set up by the church.  She sheds her sense of self.  In the pretense of being selfless, she tries to take the place of God and become Ian's savior." 

Macpherson wants people to believe in Ruth's struggle. "I want them to see themselves.  And if I can make them think–what more could I ask?" 

Chronicling the human condition is not entirely new for this Edmonton author who has previously published one book of short fiction as well as several books of non-fiction.  With a degree in creative writing from the University of British Columbia, Macpherson says her fundamental goal of writing a novel never wavered, although it took over a decade.  

"I spent 11 years working on and off, writing this book. In the interim, I wrote five other books, so I wasn't working on it exclusively. But I had to find a way to tell the story of violence against women. I kept going back to the story," she says.  

"It wouldn't leave me alone." 

— Linda Alberta Prairie books Now

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